Can all cardinals vote for pope?

Can all cardinals vote for pope?

Cardinals summoned to Rome. Popes are chosen by the College of Cardinals, the Church’s most senior officials, who are appointed by the Pope and usually ordained bishops. The rules of the Conclave were changed in 1975 to exclude all cardinals over the age of 80 from voting. The maximum number of cardinal electors is 120 …

What age does the bishop retire?

75 years
Canon 401 §1 of the 1983 Code of Canon Law states that archdiocesan/diocesan bishops (including cardinals) are requested to submit their resignation to the pope on reaching the age of 75 years. Some do so earlier with a view to having the resignation take effect immediately on reaching 75.

Who is the youngest pope ever?

Pope Benedict IX
Aged approximately 20 at his first election, he is one of the youngest popes in history….

Pope Benedict IX
Born c. 1012 Rome, Papal States
Died c. December 1055/January 1056 (age 43) Grottaferrata, Papal States
Other popes named Benedict

Can cardinals over 80 vote?

He established a rule that only cardinals who have not reached the age of 80 can participate in a conclave. The key dates were the cardinal’s birthday and the opening day of the conclave, since the rule stated that at age 80 a cardinal loses the right to “enter the conclave”.

What age are cardinals considered eligible voter?

In 1970, Pope Paul VI limited the electors to cardinals under 80 years of age in Ingravescentem aetatem. The current procedures were established by Pope John Paul II in his apostolic constitution Universi Dominici gregis as amended by Pope Benedict XVI in 2007 and 2013.

Can Cardinals vote for themselves?

Since 1945, a cardinal can again cast the deciding vote for himself, though the two-thirds majority rule has always been continued, except when John Paul II had modified that rule in 1996 (after 33 ballots, a simple majority was sufficient), with the two-thirds majority rule restored in 2007 by Benedict XVI.

What age do Catholic priests retire?

Retirement policies in many dioceses require a minimum age of 70, a specific number of years in ministry, and the permission of the bishop. Other dioceses hold to the above policies with full retirement only possible at age 75.