How destructive was the 2004 tsunami?

How destructive was the 2004 tsunami?

The 2004 Tsunami Wiped Away Towns With ‘Mind-Boggling’ Destruction. The tsunami was the deadliest in recorded history, taking 230,000 lives in a matter of hours. The Boxing Day tsunami would be the deadliest in recorded history, taking a staggering 230,000 lives in a matter of hours.

What damage did the 2004 Indonesian tsunami cause?

It suffered mostly economic damages over one million dollars involving fishing industries with more than 200 boats sunk. No deaths were reported. Ten people were reported killed, and flooding destroyed a major bridge between the capital Port Victoria and main airport.

Why is tsunami considered very destructive?

The amount of energy and water contained in a huge tsunami can cause extreme destruction when it strikes land. Most of the damage is caused by the huge mass of water behind the initial wave front, as the height of the sea keeps rising fast and floods powerfully into the coastal area. …

How many homes did the 2004 tsunami destroy?

The Tsunami Evaluation Coalition, a multi-agency colloboration to evaulate the response to the disaster, said more than 600,000 people’s work was affected “(in some cases only for a few months)” and 141,000 houses were destroyed.

How did the 2004 tsunami affect humans?

Social impacts of the tsunami (effects on people) 1.7 million homeless. 5-6 million needing emergency aid, eg food and water. Threat of disease from mixing of fresh water, sewage and salt water. 1,500 villages destroyed in northern Sumatra.

How did the 2004 tsunami affect the environment?

There were some environmental impact as an aftermath of the tsunami. In the affected region, crops were destroyed and farm land was ruined by the salt water. Many forest and trees such as mangrove forests along the coast were also destroyed. Coral reefs and coastal wetlands were damaged.

How did the 2004 tsunami affect India?

The tsunami destroyed over 2.35 lakh dwelling units; 481 in Andhra Pradesh, 13735 in Kerala, 1,90,000 in Tamil Nadu, 10061 in Pondicherry and 21,100 in A & N Islands. Apart from their homes people lost their livelihoods-83,788 boats; were damaged; 39,035 hectares of cropped area: 302 ha.

What was the worst tsunami ever?

The most devastating and deadliest tsunami was one in the Indian Ocean on Boxing Day, 2004. The tsunami was the most lethal ever to have occurred, with a death toll that reached a staggering figure of over 230,000, affecting people in 14 countries – with Indonesia hit worst, followed by Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand.

How long did it take to rebuild after 2004 tsunami?

Within five years, individuals were back in homes they owned, often on their original land, in communities with new schools and in many cases improved infrastructure.

Which was the worst tsunami ever?

The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami (also known as the Boxing Day Tsunami and, by the scientific community, the Sumatra–Andaman earthquake) occurred at 07:58:53 in local time (UTC+7) on 26 December, with an epicentre off the west coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia.

Who helped during the 2004 tsunami?

India. CARE worked with 200 villages across eight tsunami affected districts to provide emergency relief items such as food, water, shelter and healthcare to 20,000 families immediately after the disaster.

When was the last tsunami in Thailand?

“Tsunami season” last I heard, it hit New Zealand, 2 days back, with 2.5 metres of waves. Thailand ‘s last tsunami was on 26 December 2004, even then there were many other countries with greater casualties.

What is it about an earthquake that causes a tsunami?

Most tsunamis are caused by earthquakes generated in a subduction zone, an area where an oceanic plate is being forced down into the mantle by plate tectonic forces. The friction between the subducting plate and the overriding plate is enormous.

What year was Boxing Day tsunami?

The tsunami was called the Asian tsunami , or the Boxing Day tsunami in Australia, Canada, England, and South Africa because it happened on the 26th of December 2004 (Boxing Day).

What damage did the Indian Ocean earthquake cause?

Some smaller islands in the Indian Ocean were completely destroyed.

  • Coastal buildings were flattened making people homeless.
  • Fishing villages were devastated.
  • Lines of communication,including phone lines,were cut off.
  • Electricity power lines were cut off.
  • Roads and railways were disintegrated.
  • Fires broke out due to severed gas pipes.