Table of Contents
How long did Bourguiba rule Tunisia?
Habib Bourguiba (/bʊərˈɡiːbə/; Arabic: الحبيب بورقيبة, romanized: al-Ḥabīb Būrqībah; 3 August 1903 – 6 April 2000) was a Tunisian lawyer, nationalist leader and statesman who led the country from 1956 to 1987 as the prime minister of the Kingdom of Tunisia (1956–57) then as the first president of Tunisia (1957–87).
Who was the first leader of Tunisia?
The first president was Habib Bourguiba, who became the country’s first president after the proclamation of a republic in 1957; he had been the country’s de facto leader as prime minister since independence in 1956. He was formally elected to the post in 1959, and was proclaimed president for life in 1975.
How long has Kais Saied been in power?
Kais Saied (Arabic: قَيس سعيّد; born 22 February 1958) is a Tunisian politician, jurist and a retired university professor of constitutional law serving as the president of Tunisia since October 2019. He was president of the Tunisian Association of Constitutional Law from 1995 to 2019.
When did the Jasmine Revolution end?
December 18, 2010 – January 14, 2011
When was Tunisia liberated?
March 20, 1956, Tunisia achieved independence from France proposed by Habib Bourguiba.
What is the old name of Tunisia?
Tunisia was called Ifrīqiyyah in the early centuries of the Islamic period. That name, in turn, comes from the Roman word for Africa and the name also given by the Romans to their first African colony following the Punic Wars against the Carthaginians in 264–146 bce.
How is the leader chosen in Tunisia?
The president of Tunisia is directly elected by universal suffrage for a 5-year term. The president is elected by majority, with a second round with the top-two finishers if no candidate gets more than 50% of the vote in the first round. The first direct presidential election after the revolution was held in 2014.
When was Tunisia discovered?
Its coast was settled by Phoenicians starting as early as the 12th century BC (Bizerte, Utica).
How many presidents has Tunisia had?
Tunisia has had seven presidents since the proclamation of the republic on 25 July 1957: Habib Bourguiba was appointed president by the parliament on 25 July 1957, until the election of a permanent president. After the Constitution was enacted on 1 June 1959, a presidential election was held on 8 November 1959.
Is Tunisia safe?
Terrorist attacks are a high risk in Tunisia, including at tourist sites. Local authorities have increased security. Be alert to possible threats. Instability in Libya and Algeria has made Tunisia less safe.
When was the Arab Spring?
December 18, 2010
Arab Spring/Start dates
Who led Tunisia to independence?
The process of Tunisian Independence occurred from 1952 to 1956 between France and a separatist movement led by Habib Bourguiba. Bourguiba became the first Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Tunisia after negotiations with France successfully brought an end to the colonial protectorate leading to independence.
Who is the leader of Tunisia?
President Beji Caid Essebsi became the 4th and the first democratically elected president by universal suffrage after the Revolution, on December 21, 2014. He is the current President of Tunisia since December 31, 2014.
Who was the longest serving president of Tunisia?
Habib Bourguiba, the inaugural holder, served the longest, over thirty years (1957–87), before he was removed from office by his prime minister Ben Ali, on 7 November 1987. Since the ratification of the Tunisian Constitution in 2014, no person may be elected president more than twice.
When did France gain control of Tunisia?
French control over Tunisia, achieved in 1881, brings to an end several decades of diplomatic jockeying between three colonials powers, France, Britain and Italy. All three are officially involved in the region from 1869.
What happened in Tunisia in 2011?
March 1, 2011 The Tunisian government legalizes the Nahḍah Party, an Islamic party banned under the Ben Ali regime, paving the way for it to enter candidates in future elections. March 3, 2011 Interim President Mebazaa announces that an election to choose a constitutional council will be held on July 24.