What are the lines called in geography?

What are the lines called in geography?

Longitude is the measurement east or west of the prime meridian. Longitude is measured by imaginary lines that run around the Earth vertically (up and down) and meet at the North and South Poles. These lines are known as meridians.

What are the 5 imaginary lines on Earth?

Border, International Date Line, Latitude, including the Equator, Longitude, the prime meridian, the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer.

How many lines are there in geography?

Latitude is the measurement of distance north or south of the Equator. It is measured with 180 imaginary lines that form circles around the Earth east-west, parallel to the Equator. These lines are known as parallels.

What are 3 types of grid systems in geography?

Equatorial—within a few degrees of the equator. Tropical—within the tropics (between 23.5 degrees N and 23.5 degrees S. Subtropical—slightly pole-ward of the tropics, generally around 25-30 degrees N and S. Polar—within a few degrees of the North or South Pole.

What are the names of the main latitude lines?

Important lines of latitude:

  • the equator (0°)
  • the Tropic of Cancer (23.5° north)
  • the Tropic of Capricorn (23.5° south)
  • the Arctic circle (66.5° north)
  • the Antarctic circle (66.5° south)
  • the North Pole (90° north)
  • the South Pole (90° south)

What are the 2 main lines of longitude?

1. Prime Meridian = Longitude 0o (Greenwich Meridian). 2. International Date Line (Longitude 180o).

What are the 7 imaginary lines?

What are the 7 imaginary lines?

  • The Antarctic Circle. The Antarctic Circle lies three-quarters of the way between the equator and the South Pole.
  • The Arctic Circle. …
  • DEW Line. …
  • The Equator. …
  • The International Date Line. …
  • Meridians.
  • Parallels.
  • The Tropic of Cancer.

What is the name of imaginary line?

Imaginary lines, also called meridians, running vertically around the globe. Unlike latitude lines, longitude lines are not parallel. Meridians meet at the poles and are widest apart at the equator. Zero degrees longitude (0) is called the prime meridian.

What lines run north to south?

The lines running North to South are called “Meridians” or “lines of longitude” (Figure 2), while the lines running East to West are called “Parallels” or “lines of latitude” (Figure 3).

What is the name of the southernmost line of latitude?

The Tropic of Capricorn (or the Southern Tropic) is the circle of latitude that contains the subsolar point at the December (or southern) solstice. It is thus the southernmost latitude where the Sun can be seen directly overhead.

What is the name of the line at 23.5 degrees south?

Tropic of Capricorn: 23.5 degrees south of equator.

What are the grid lines on a map called?

A grid of squares helps the map-reader to locate a place. The vertical lines are called eastings. They are numbered – the numbers increase to the east. The horizontal lines are called northings as the numbers increase in an northerly direction.

What are lines that run east and west on a map?

Imaginary lines that run east and west on a map. Parallels represent degrees of latitude, or how far a place is away from the equator. The equator’s latitude is 0° and the poles are 90° south and north.

What are the different types of lines in geometry?

In geometry, there are different types of lines such as horizontal and vertical lines, parallel and perpendicular lines. These lines play an important role in the construction of different types of polygons.

What are the different types of maps in geography?

Types of Maps. Cartographers make many different types of maps, which can be divided into two broad categories: general reference maps and thematic maps. General reference maps show general geographic information about an area, including the locations of cities, boundaries, roads, mountains, rivers, and coastlines.

What are the imaginary lines running horizontally around the globe?

Imaginary lines running horizontally around the globe. Also called parallels, latitude lines are equidistant from each other. Each degree of latitude is about 69 miles (110 km) apart. Zero degrees (0) latitude is the equator, the widest circumference of the globe.