What is the origin of the Red Cross?

What is the origin of the Red Cross?

This marble bust features Jean Henry Dunant, the Swiss businessman who started the Red Cross movement in 1863 in Geneva, Switzerland. During this 1864 meeting, the Treaty of Geneva was signed and the Red Cross on a white background was chosen as the protective emblem.

Who began the Red Cross and why?

The Red Cross came into being at the initiative of a man named Henry Dunant, who helped wounded soldiers at the battle of Solferino in 1859 and then lobbied political leaders to take more action to protect war victims.

When did the Red Cross originate?

May 21, 1881, Washington, D.C.
American Red Cross/Founded

When was the Canadian Red Cross founded?

1896
Canadian Red Cross/Founded

While Ryerson was inspired during Louis Riel’s North West Rebellion in a way that would foretell the Canadian Red Cross’ development in the country, it wasn’t until 1896 that he officially founded the Canadian Red Cross, which was the first overseas branch of the British Red Cross to become established.

When was the Australian Red Cross founded?

1914
Australian Red Cross/Founded
The Australian branch of Red Cross begins on 13 August 1914, nine days after the outbreak of WWI. Hundreds of thousands of volunteers flock to the cause.

Who founded the Red Cross Australia?

Lady Helen Munro Ferguson
Australian Red Cross/Founders
History. A branch of the British Red Cross was established in Australia in 1914, nine days after the start of World War I, by Lady Helen Munro Ferguson.

Why did the Canadian Red Cross develop?

Then, in 1899, the British Empire went to war in South Africa (known as the “Boer War,” 1899-1902), and several contingents of Canadian soldiers were sent overseas to fight. This gave the Canadian Red Cross its first chance to fulfill its mandate to help the sick and wounded in war.

Who established the Canadian Red Cross?

George Ryerson
Canadian Red Cross/Founders
In the spring of 1885, Dr. George Sterling Ryerson set the foundations for what would later be known as the Canadian Red Cross Society by sewing two strips of red fabric onto a piece of white cotton and draping this over horse-drawn wagons transporting injured men.

Why was Red Cross Australia created?

The Red Cross Information Bureau was established in 1915 in order to coordinate information gathered on the dead and their burial beyond what was provided by the armed forces.

Why was Australian Red Cross formed?

The International Red Cross Movement was founded to bring assistance without discrimination to those wounded in war, and to alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found. Red Cross was founded in Australia in 1914, nine days after the outbreak of the First World War.

When did Red Cross originate?

When did Red Cross start?

The Red Cross was born in 1863 when five Geneva men, including Dunant, set up the International Committee for Relief to the Wounded, later to become the International Committee of the Red Cross. Its emblem was a red cross on a white background: the inverse of the Swiss flag.

What is the history of the American Red Cross?

The American Red Cross is an organization founded in 1881 by Clara Barton in Washington DC. The worldwide Red Cross movement began earlier in order to provide neutral aid to the victims of war.

Who owns the Red Cross?

Clara Barton, founder of the American Red Cross. Barton became President of the American branch of the society, known as the American National Red Cross in May 1881 in Washington. The first chapters opened in upstate New York, where she had connections.

Where was the Red Cross invented?

Clara Barton. Clara Barton (1821–1912) founded the American chapter after learning of the Red Cross in Geneva, Switzerland. In 1869, she went to Europe and became involved in the work of the International Red Cross during the Franco-Prussian War.