Table of Contents
- 1 Which Greek city-state had the most lasting effect on Greece?
- 2 How did Sparta affect Greece?
- 3 What happened between Athens and Sparta and what happened to Greece?
- 4 What was Sparta’s focus as a city state?
- 5 Why were Athens and Sparta so different?
- 6 How did Sparta differ from Athens?
- 7 What advantages did Athens have over Sparta?
- 8 How did Athens beat Sparta?
- 9 What was the relationship like between Athens and Sparta?
- 10 How did the Peloponnesian War affect Athens?
- 11 Who was the king of Sparta in the Peloponnesian War?
Which Greek city-state had the most lasting effect on Greece?
The two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta, went to war with each other from 431 to 405 B.C. The Peloponnesian War marked a significant power shift in ancient Greece, favoring Sparta, and also ushered in a period of regional decline that signaled the end of what is considered the Golden Age …
How did Sparta affect Greece?
Around 650 BC, it rose to become the dominant military land-power in ancient Greece. Given its military pre-eminence, Sparta was recognized as the leading force of the unified Greek military during the Greco-Persian Wars, in rivalry with the rising naval power of Athens.
Was Athens or Sparta more successful?
Sparta is far superior to Athens because their army was fierce and protective, girls received some education and women had more freedom than in other poleis. First, the army of Sparta was the strongest fighting force in Greece. The Spartans believed this made them strong and better mothers.
What happened between Athens and Sparta and what happened to Greece?
The Peloponnesian War was a war fought in ancient Greece between Athens and Sparta—the two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece at the time (431 to 405 B.C.E.). This war shifted power from Athens to Sparta, making Sparta the most powerful city-state in the region. This eventually drew Sparta into the conflict.
What was Sparta’s focus as a city state?
Sparta was a warrior society in ancient Greece that reached the height of its power after defeating rival city-state Athens in the Peloponnesian War (431-404 B.C.). Spartan culture was centered on loyalty to the state and military service.
How did life differ in Athens and Sparta?
Sparta was ruled by two kings, who ruled until they died or were forced out of office. Athens was ruled by archons, who were elected annually. Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.
Why were Athens and Sparta so different?
Sparta was different from Athens in almost every way, beginning with its government. While Athens was a democracy, Sparta was an oligarchy. In an oligarchy, the ruling power is in the hands of a few people. Sparta’s government—as well as Spartan society—was dedicated to military strength.
How did Sparta differ from Athens?
The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Moreover, Athens’ economy was mainly based on trade, whereas Sparta’s economy was based on agriculture and conquering.
How did Athens compare with Sparta?
The main difference between Athens and Sparta is that Athens was a form of democracy, whereas Sparta was a form of oligarchy. Athens and Sparta are two prominent Greek rival city-states. Athens was the centre for arts, learning and philosophy while Sparta was a warrior state.
What advantages did Athens have over Sparta?
Athens did not have such a strong army as Sparta, but its navy was better developed. Athens did have another advantage, which was that many of their allies gave them financial support. The main disadvantage for the Athenians was that around 430 BCE, a plague struck Athens.
How did Athens beat Sparta?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes….
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Why did Athens fight Sparta?
The primary causes were that Sparta feared the growing power and influence of the Athenian Empire. The Peloponnesian war began after the Persian Wars ended in 449 BCE. This disagreement led to friction and eventually outright war. Additionally, Athens and its ambitions caused increasing instability in Greece.
What was the relationship like between Athens and Sparta?
Athens vs. Sparta. The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Geographically they are very close to each other, but have sometimes had very different values, lifestyles, and cultures.
How did the Peloponnesian War affect Athens?
Athenian imperial ambitions that were perceived by Sparta as an infringement on their sovereignty and a threat to their isolationist policy. Nearly fifty years of Greek history before the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War had been marked by the development of Athens as a major power in the Mediterranean world.
What is the difference between Athenian and Spartan democracy?
The Athenian form of electing a government was called Limited Democracy while the Spartan form was called oligarchy ” (rule by a few), but it had elements of monarchy (rule by kings), democracy (through the election of council/senators), and aristocracy (rule by the upper class or land owning class).
Who was the king of Sparta in the Peloponnesian War?
A 1533 woodcut print depicting representatives of Athens and Corinth at the Court of Archidamas, King of Sparta, from the History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides. What Were the Main Reasons for the Peloponnesian War?